Supplement Buyer's Guides & Nutrition Buyer's Guides

We have a wide range of body supplements and nutrition products, to help you choose the right supplements in order to help you get the perfect body, we have created some Supplement information and nutrition information pages called the Supplement Buyer's Guides and Nutrition Buyer's Guides.

Each Buyers Guide has been broken down into sections to help you understand a little more about what each supplement and/or nutrition will do for your body and what the supplements and nutritions do to help in giving you the perfect body you are looking for.

Ok, lets start with the basics which we all need to know if we are just starting out or even if we have been working out and using supplements for years. The basics you will need to know about are Creatine, Proteins, Glutamine and Weight Gainers (if you need them) so lets get a start here on them and then you can click on an article below you would like more information on.

Protein Supplements

Protein is involved in every biological process within the body and the average body is approximately 18% protein. Proteins are essential components of almost all body tissues including muscle. The contribution that proteins make to the energy value of most well balanced diets as around 10-15%, however this figure increases significantly in athletes. In some athletes, especially those involved in power sports and body building, who usually consume high protein diets, the contribution can be as high as 50%, and in specific cases even higher. This said, the energy consumption that proteins make in diets is usually secondary, as their real importance is in the fact that every cell in the body is partly composed of proteins which are often subject to continuous wear and replacement. So it is of vital importance that individuals who train consume protein, not just by eating food but by consuming protein / weight gain shakes too.

There are many different proteins available, all with different biological values. The Biological Value (BV) of a Protein is a value that measures how well the body can absorb and utilize a protein. The higher the Biological Value of the protein you use, the more nitrogen your body can absorb, use, and retain. As a result, proteins with the highest BV promote the most lean muscle gains.

Protein

BV Value

Whey Isolate

159

Whey

104

Egg

100

Cow's Milk

91

Casein

77

Soy

74

Beef

80

Fish

83

Chicken

79

Wheat Gluten

54

Kidney Beans

49

 

 

As the table above shows, Whey Protein and Whey protein Isolate have the highest BV value, meaning it is absorbed and utilized more efficiently than any other protein. Because of this Whey protein is ideal to take after a workout, when your body is like a sponge and will absorb more nutrients, and during the day in between meals. Whey protein is especially good to take first thing in the morning when your body has been without protein whilst you have been sleeping. As it is digested quickly it is not the best protein supplement to take before bed, a protein mix or as some supplement companies call it a ‘matrix’ would be more ideal. These protein matrixes usually contain a blend of different proteins which digest at a slower rate when compared to Whey protein.

Creatine 

In simple terms……Creatine is a compound that's involved in the production of energy in the body, in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).  The human body naturally makes creatine to supply energy to the muscles. Creatine is made in the liver, pancreas and kidneys and is transported to the body’s muscles through the bloodstream.  Approximately 95% of the body's creatine ends up being stored in skeletal muscles and the remaining 5% is found in the brain, heart and testes. 

Creatine is 100% natural and is found in small amounts in some foods, which include red meat, salmon, herring and tuna. The amount of creatine in these foods is minimal, and most (if not all) is lost when the food is cooked.

The best source of creatine monohydrate is creatine powders. These supplements are 99.9% pure creatine and only a small daily dose is required to raise the creatine levels in muscle tissue.

Here comes the science bit

When creatine monohydrate is taken, it travels to the muscle cells via the bloodstream. It is then converted to creatine phosphate. Creatine phosphate’s role is to replenish the body’s reserves of ATP, the muscles’ ultimate energy source for short, explosive bursts of energy.  ATP is a simple chemical, a molecule of adenosine bonded to three molecules of phosphate.  When one of the phosphates is broken off it causes a chemical release of energy.  ATP then becomes adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and the phosphate molecule which broke off now floats freely.  Creatine Phosphate immediately leaps in to the rescue and regenerates ATP by donating its own phosphate molecule, which now leaves a molecule of creatine floating freely.  After a muscle contraction most of the free floating creatine and phosphate molecules join together again to regenerate creatine phosphate.  This process is Aerobic which means it requires Oxygen.  Not all of the creatine is utilized by the body during the ATPDP process and about 10% is excreted from the muscle and appears as the waste product creatinine in your urine.

The moment you pick the weight up off the rack, your body calls on its ATP stores to power the muscles.  After 5-10 seconds, the energy from ATP has been used.  If the body does not have an adequate amount of creatine phosphate available, it turns to glycogen. The problem with glycogen is, it takes much longer to be converted into ATP (around 20 seconds).  So if the muscles are completely saturated with creatine through supplementation with creatine, more creatine phosphate will be available resulting in more energy, increased weight and raps, and increased lean muscle growth.

Research suggests that creatine may provide some benefit in improving performance in high-intensity, short-duration activities such as weight lifting and sprinting. Creatine increases production of ATP, an energy source for muscles during brief, explosive periods of activity.  Creatine may also decrease muscle fatigue. It appears to reduce lactic acid, an energy waste product that causes muscle fatigue.

Weight Gainer Supplements

Weight gainers are packed full of carbs, calories and protein so that even the toughest weight gainers can put on some good weight making our weight gainers a godsend for all in need of a little extra help in getting BIG!
It can be hard work consuming all the extra calories you need each day in order to bulk up from just eating food alone thats why it is important to supplement your diet with a weight gainer. There are two types of gainers on the market lean gainers and hard core gainers.  Lean gainers tend to contain more complex carbs then sugar carbs and hardcore gainers tend to have more of an equal ration of sugar carbs to complex carbs.

Amino Acid Supplements

Amino acids are the essential raw materials needed for the growth and reproduction of every cell in the human body. Specific aminos are present in your enzymes and immune system, in fact, muscles, organs, bones and almost all hormones are made from different combinations of aminos. Protein, such as 100% Whey protein professional, which is needed by athletes is made up of a combination of amino acids in the form of long molecular chains.    Due to countless factors in the modern world, such as pollution, intensive use of fertilizers, the hormones fed to the animals we eat, eating processed foods along with smoking and the consumption of alcohol means that we now need to supplement our diets especially when exercising or in times of sickness! 

When your body needs a particular protein, for example to repair your biceps after a heavy work out, the amino acids required to make it are bonded together into chains called peptides. These amino acid chains then combine to form a protein molecule. Protein molecules can contain thousands of amino acids, many of the same type but bonded in particular sequences.    Whenever a new amino acid is added to the chain a new protein is formed which will have a different function, such as a digestive enzyme or a molecule of muscle tissue.

The body has a limited capability of converting one amino acid into another; however there are certain amino acids which the body cannot make for itself and therefore must be obtained from the diet, and these are called essential amino acids.

The body can sustain nitrogenous equilibrium under normal circumstances on a mixture of eight pure amino acids as its sole source of nitrogen. These eight include isoleucine, leucine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan and valine. Some experts agree that other amino acids like Arginine, histidine and glutamine are conditionally essential. So in certain conditions, such as growth or times of illness, these amino acids are not able to be produced by the body in adequate amounts and therefore must be supplied through the diet.

Basically amino acids are the building blocks of proteins which in turn help build and repair muscle! So it is essential that athletes supplement their diets with protein shakes in order to help repair muscles damaged through training and to increase muscle growth. Many athletes will consume additional amino acid products on top of their daily protein shake intake.

Carbohydrate Supplements

Most bodybuilders will concentrate on making sure their protein intake is correct without paying enough attention to their carbohydrate (CHO) intake, even though they are vital for success. They come in two forms, simple and complex. Simple carbs are found in natural and processed sugars and quicky absorbs into the body for use as energy. Complex are found such as wheat, bread, oatmeal, rice and potatoes. Complex carbohydrate take much longer for the body to turn into energy and give you long lasting energy.

Carbohydrates play two key roles in muscle building. As stated before, the first is energy for the body. Secondly is when your insulin spikes post workout and you need carbs to raise insulin levels. Scitec Nutrition's Vitargo is perfect for elite athletes, and provides an effective and problem free carbohydrate energy source.

Fat Burner Supplements

Using the right supplements along with a strict diet, and exercise programme including cardio based exercises are instrumental to losing weight.  Fat burners often contain ingredients which are thermogenic.   Thermogenics, or body heat activating ingredients, target the fat in the human body by raising the core body temperature.  They are effective in burning fat and eliminating subcutaneous water.

Products such as Scitec Nutrition's Carni-FX is enhanced with L-carnitine which plays a crucial role in the metabolis of fat. It also helps with recovery and cardiovascular metabolism.

Hormone and Testosterone Booster Supplements

Testosterone is needed by the body to build muscle and in general health. There are several  effects that testosterone can have on the body, It increases lipid metabolism, which maximises fat loss and  increases creatine phosphatase.  Increasing creatine phosphatase enhances muscle strength and volume, improves heart muscle development which in turn boosts cardio vascular performance. In addition it improves libido levels. Products like Scitec's Tribolan provide a delicate mix of testosterone and muscle enhancing ingredients, powering you to the ultimate body.

Isotonic Supplements

Sweating is the way in which the body maintains its core temperature at 37 degrees centigrade. This results in the loss of body fluid and electrolytes, minerals such as chloride, calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium, and if unchecked will lead to dehydration, impaired sports performance and eventually circulatory collapse and heat stroke.

Isotonic drinks have a similar carbohydrate electrolyte concentration to the body's own fluids.  They quickly replace fluids lost through the process of sweating and supply the body with a boost of carbohydrates. This drink is the choice for most athletes - middle and long distance running or team sports participants. Glucose is the body's preferred source of energy therefore it may be appropriate to consume Isotonic drinks where the carbohydrate source is glucose in a concentration of 6% to 8%.

IsoTec from Scitec Nutrition improves water absorption and retention as well as replenishing electrolytes and lost nutrients. Great to be taken during a workout as well as afterwards to boost energy levels.

Vitamin and Mineral Supplements

It's very well known and recommended that healthy individuals maintain a well balanced diet, which includes a number of vitamins and minerals that the body requires. Vitamins are essential for good health, helping develop and maintain body tissues, vision, help the functions of the body's nervous system. Vitamin B, such as Scitec's B-100 assist the metabolism as well as increasing the production of proteins and carbohydrates.

Minerals play a significant role, fighting off serious illness. These include copper, iodine, chromium, nickel, calcium etc. Products such as Scitec Nutrition's Multi-X offers the ultimate vitamin and mineral daily supplement to provide you with the essential vitamins and minerals you need for optimum health and sports performance.